How to Draw a Village Scene

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How to Draw Village Scenery with Pencil
How to Draw Village Scene

 

How to draw village scenery with pencil and mastering the drawing of scenery is deemed to be an essential skill for any landscape artist. In fact, the depiction of the Landscape and nature in art has always been one of the more popular traditions in the arts.

How to Draw Village Scenery with Pencil? To draw village scenery step by step, you will need to collect materials and equipment. Next, if drawing from a  direct source, begin to sketch the outlines. This is an excellent way to proceed.

In this post, I will describe how to draw a village scenery step by step in pencil.

First of all, we will begin by examining how you can go about organizing the composition of your landscape drawing.

What do You Intend to Draw

One of the first decisions you need to make is do you want to draw scenery from direct observation.

If this is the case, then you will need to find a suitable situation from which you can draw on location.

Drawing on location requires preparation, and you may want to read my article. Tips for Drawing on Location.

If drawing on location, use the following guide.

Materials and EquipmentPencils, Charcoal, Pens and a  Drawing Board.
Viewpoint Sketch the main features
Horizon LineViewpoint is important. High or low horizon will make a difference
Foreground, Midground, BackgroundAdd the individual features such as houses and trees in the different parts of the drawing.
Detail Draw Texture and Contrast

If you are drawing scenery from a secondary source. There are are several things you can use to aid you in your drawings.

Photographs taken on the location of the scene that you intend to draw are an excellent way to study aspects of the scenery that you are drawing.

Viewing frame is also an excellent way to isolate areas, of scenery that you want to draw.

A viewing frame can be moved around, up or down to explore alternative scenes on location, or over the top of a photographic reference.

A grid can also be drawn over the top of your reference to help you draw the different aspects of drawing and keep them in proportion.

Horizon

The horizon is an essential part of your drawing as the central features of your scenery will be set.

Before you draw the horizon, consider where in the picture it will be placed. A high line will create the impression of depth and height on the picture plane. This is a perfect way to create a dramatic scene in your work.

Depth in your drawing is also an important consideration. Features in the background will appear small, will the horizon be obscured by elements in the middle and forefront of the picture.

Composition

To create a successful view of a village scene, you will need to combine the different features in your drawing. The next step in developing a scenic viewpoint is to begin organizing the pictorial composition of your picture.

Create or draw a  dominant feature in your drawing. This could take the place of a large tree in the front of the drawing, or a building such as a cottage. Drawing commanding features will immediately give your drawing a sense of power or a presence.

Apply the Rule of Thirds. This is an excellent way to balance the different features of your drawing into a balanced composition. By splitting the pictures plane into thirds with horizontal and vertically drawn lines, we create four intersecting points on the page.

Where the lines intersect on page four points will be created. You can now use these points on the page to create areas of interest on your page.

Create an L Shaped composition. The L shaped composition is also a popular way to organize the picture space when drawing and painting scenic landscapes.  To create a balanced composition using this formula simply place one dominant aspect in your drawing to the side.

Tips for Drawing the Features of Your Drawing

Overlapping Overlapping different parts of your drawing is an excellent way to create visual interest, as it forces the eye to move from one individual feature to the next.
Off Center FeaturesNever draw a feature directly in the center of the page, instead draw them off center and to the side. Another great way to create balance in your Landscape is to group three similar objects together. They can be of different sizes and the same shape.
Create a Focal Point Create a focal point in your drawing by adding a dominant feature. This can be achieved by drawing large sized features and contrasting it with smaller similar objects around it.
Cropping FeaturesIncluding a cropped feature at the edge of the page is also an excellent way to bring the viewer into your drawing from the side of the page

The Foreground of the Village

The foreground space in your drawing is an area where individual features such as roads, streams, bushes, hedges, and even branches can be drawn.

Creating depth in your scenic viewpoint by drawing the individual features in your drawing remember the rule of foreshortening, were objects in the foreground in appearing more significant than the elements in the back of the composition.

Drawing a cropped feature at the edge of your drawings such as a house, wall, or a hedge is an excellent way to add visual interest and bring the viewer into your drawing.

Midground of the Village

The middle ground area of your drawing is where a commanding characteristic can be represented. In terms of drawing a landscape of a village scene, you should add a tree or a cottage to the drawing.

Pro Tip: Learn to sketch and draw the main characteristics faintly with a sketching pencil and strengthening up expanses of value and tone. Benefits of tone should be darker in the front of the drawing and less so in the midground and background areas.

Background of the Landscape

Depending on the scene, you intend to draw the background will appear, including the same features such as houses, trees, streams, and hills. The difference that to create a sense of depth and space that they will be drawn much smaller.

Again, when referring to the rules of foreshortening, features which receded into the background will appear much smaller.

Features in the Landscape such as buildings

How to draw intricate structures.  Using a sketching pencil begin by drawing the basic shapes that make up the outside walls of the building. You can then progress on to establishing details such as window and doors, as well as the roof of the building or cottage.

Finally, to make the building appear authentic, you can attempt to stimulate the textures of the walls. This can be achieved using the side of the pencil by adding tone and shading.

Drawing ideas for Sky and Clouds

The sky and clouds in any landscape drawing can be an arena to create quite dramatic effects. The interplay of light and dark shadows is an excellent way to achieve this effect. Shading from dark to light with the side of the pencil will enable you to accomplish this.

Also, think carefully, as mentioned earlier in the post, about where you want to position the horizon concerning the rest of the features in the Landscape. A lower skyline will immediately create a sense of height.  

A high horizon will create precisely the opposite effect. This will enable you to fill the remaining space on the ground with exciting features from the Landscape.

Additional Questions

How to Draw Landscapes in Pencil

Pencils are an ideal medium for drawing landscapes with. They will enable you to create a wide range of effects, from beginning with sketch precise and faint outlines of the main features of your drawing.

Pencils are excellent for sketching the form of the objects in the Landscape such as buildings and trees. Softer and darker grades of pencil graphite can also be used to apply value and tone.

Holding the pencil in various ways will also enable you to draw loosely and fluidly to draw textures. This is an ideal way to apply textures to stone walls, cottages, and trees. The side of the pencils is also excellent for using value to the sky and mountains with the bottom of the pencil.

Scenery Drawing in Oil Pastels

Alternatives to using a pencil in isolation are the application of oil pastels. Pastels are particularly useful for creating dramatic effects in the sky of a landscape drawing.

Oil pastels can be layered from dark to light by adding white or a lighter color to the original darker base color. This is mainly good for creating light and dark contrast with cloud formations or textures in features such as trees.

Ian

Ian Walsh is the creator and author of improvedrawing.com and an Art teacher based in Merseyside in the United Kingdom. He holds a BA in Fine Art and a PGCE in teaching Art and Design. He has been teaching Art for over 24 Years in different parts of the UK. When not teaching Ian spending his time developing this website and creating content for the improvedrawing channel.

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